DOI: https://doi.org/10.24061/2411-6181.2.2018.28

Роль волонтерства у зміцненні громадянського суспільства в Україні (90-ті рр. ХХ – перша пол. ХХІ ст.)

Halyna Melnychuk

Анотація


Мета дослідження. Розкрили характерні особливості волонтерського руху; його роль в зміцненні громадянського суспільства; позначити суспільну необхідність в діяльності волонтерських організацій, як ефективне знаряддя впливу на владу; окреслити необхідність вжиття заходів в їх підтримці на державному рівні. Наукова новизна. Вперше проведений комплексний підхід до вивчення способів співіснування і співпраці волонтерських організацій з державними інститутами. Методи. Автор вивчає діяльність волонтерських організацій в Україні і в європейських країнах, використовуючи історичні та порівняльні підходи до розуміння сучасної історії. Висновки. Виходячи з існуючої практики, необхідно розробити нормативне забезпечення волонтерської діяльності у всіх сферах громадянського суспільства, яке буде величезною підмогою для розвитку країни в цілому.

Ключові слова


волонтерський рух; громадянське суспільство; соціальний рух; державні інститути; корисність; соціальне волонтерство

Повний текст:

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Посилання


Pavlyuk K. Volonters'kyj ruch: zarubizhnyj dosvid ta vitchyznyanyanі praktyky [Volunteer Movement: International Experience andNational Practices], Іnvestycіyi: praktyka ta dosvіd [Investment: practice and experience], 2015, N. 13–14, P. 90. [in Ukrainian].

Kornievs'kyj О. «Ukrayins'kyj volonters'kyj ruch u konteksti svitovoho dosvidu» [Ukrainian Volunteer Movement in the Context of Global Experience], Stratehichni priorytety [Strategic priorities], 2015, N. 1, Р. 95–100, URL: http://sp.niss.gov.ua/content/articles/files/16-1436780076.pdf (application date 11.09. 2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Avuyeva І. Social'nyj portret chleniv social'nych ruchіv, hromads'kyh orhanyzacyj ta politychnych partіj [Social Portrait of Members of Social Movements, Public Organizations and Political Parties], Ukrayins'ke suspil'stvo, 2003. Sociolohychnyj monіtoryng [Ukrainian society, 2003. Sociological monitoring], Кyiv, Іnstytut sociolohіjі NAN Ukrayiny, 2003, P. 284 [in Ukrainian].

Buzduhan Y. “Evolyucіya svіtovoho volonters'koho ruchu” [Evolution of the World Volunteer Movement], Viche [Veche], 2013, N. 12, P. 7–10, URL: http://www.viche.info/journal/3716/(application date 12.02.2018), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Kornievs'kyj О. “Ukrayins'kyj volonters'kyj ruch u konteksti svitovoho dosvidu” [Ukrainian Volunteer Movement in the Context of Global Experience], Stratehichni priorytety [Strategic priorities], 2015, N. 1, Р. 95–100, URL: http://sp.niss.gov.ua/content/articles/files/16-1436780076.pdf (application date 11.09. 2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Ohorchak A. Rol' shkoly volonteriv u stanovlenni osobystosti majbutnyoho socyal'noho pracivnyka [The Role of Volunteer School in Molding a Personality of a Future Caseworker], Zbyrnyk naukovych prac' TPU [Collection of scientific works of TPU], 2006, P. 16 [in Ukrainian].

Lyach T. Volonterstvo yak suspyl'nyj fenomen [Volunteering as a Social Phenomenon], Problemy pedahohіchnych technolohіj: zb. nauk. prac'. Volyns'kyj derzhavnyj unyversytet іmenі L.Ukrayinky [Problems of Pedagogical Technologies: Coll. sciences practice. Volyn State University named after L.Ukraine], Luc'k, 2004, Vol. 3–4, P. 139 [in Ukrainian].

Zakon Ukrayiny Pro blahodyjnu dijal'nyst' ta blahodyjny orhanizaciju [The Law of Ukraine on Charitable Activities and Charitable Organizations], URL: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/5073-17, title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Prohrama volontery OON [UN Volunteer Program], URL: http: //eco. iteach. com.ua /partners /onlinevolunteering (application date 16.02.2018), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Lyach T. ed. Menedzhment volonters'kych hrup vyd A do Ya: navch. metod. posyb. [Management of Volunteer Groups: Ins and Outs], Kyiv, Verso-04, 2012, P. 202 [in Ukrainian].

Pan'kova O., Kasperovych O., Uschenko O. "Rozvytok volonters'koyj dyyal'nosti v Ukrayini yak proyav aktyvizaciyi socyial'nych resursiv hromadyans'koho suspil'stva: specyfika, problemy ta perspektyvy" [Development of Volunteering in Ukraine as a Manifestation of Mobilization of Social Resources of Civil Society: Specifics, Problems and Perspectives], Ukrayins'kyj socium [Ukrainian SOCIETY], 2016, N. 2 (57), P. 27 [in Ukrainian].

Sociolohychne doslydzhennya provedene Fondom «Demokratychni iniciatyvy» im. Il'ka Kucheriva spyl'no z KMYS [Sociological Study Conducted by Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation Together with Kyiv International Institute of Sociology], URL: http://dif.org.ua/ua/commentaries/sociologist_-view/32anizh-miski-zhiteli.htm , (application date 19.01.2018), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Nacyonal'na stratehiya spryyannya rozvytku hromadyans'koho suspil'stva v Ukrayini na 2016-2020 roky: zatverdzheno Ukazom Prezydenta Ukrayiny vyd 26 lyutoho 2016 roku N 68/2016 [National Strategy to Promote the Development of Civil Society in Ukraine for 2016-2020: Approved by the Decree of the President of Ukraine dated February 26, 2016 N. 68/2016], URL: http:// www. president. gov.ua/documents/682016-19805, title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Dynamіka rivnya dovіry socyal'nym instytutam ta orhanam vlady naprykіnci 2015 roku: Ukrayins'kyj ynstytut social'nych doslіdzhen' imeny O. Yaremenka; Zentr «Socyal'nyj monytorynh» [Dynamics of the Level of Credibility towards Social Institutions and Authorities at the End of 2015: Oleksandr Yaremenko Ukrainian Institute of Social Research;], Zentr «Socyal'nyj monytorynh» [Social Monitoring Centre], URL: http://www.uisr.org.ua/img/upload/files/ (application date 02.02.2018), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Yablonskyi V. M., Balakirieva O. M., Bondar T. V. ta in Uchast' hromads'kych obyednan' u protydiyi іnformacіynij ahresiji [Participation of Public Associations in Counteraction against Cyber Attacks of the Russian Federation], URL: http://www. niss.gov.ua /content/articles/files/AZ-Protid-ya--nformagres---166e3. Pdf (application date 24.10.2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Kornievs'kyj О. Volonters'kyj ruch: svytovyj dosvid ta ukrayins'ki hromadyans'ki praktyky: [analyt. dop.], [Volunteer Movement: World Experience and Ukrainian Civic Practices], Kyiv, NYSD, 2015, P. 36 [in Ukrainian].

Tohtarova Y. Volonters'kyj ruch v Ukrayini: shlyach do rozvytku hromadyans'koho suspil'stva yak sfery socіal'nych vydnosyn [Movement in Ukraine: Way to Develop Civil Society as a Social Sphere], Teoriia ta praktyka derzhavnoho upravlinnia i mistsevoho samovriaduvannia [Theory and Practice of Public Administration and Local Self-Government], 2014, N. 2, URL: http://el-zbirn-du.at.ua/2014_2/5.pdf , (application date 12.11.2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Dyemyentyev V. Volonterstvo – ruch scho zmynyuye suspyl'stvo [Volunteering – a Movement that Changes Society], Sajt Vseukrajinsjkoji gromadsjkoji organizaciji «Poruch» [The site of the All-Ukrainian corporate organization "Poruch"], 2015, Access: URL: http://poruch.ua/volonterstvo-ruh-shho-zminyuye-suspilstvo.html (application date 29.09.2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Dyemyentyev V. Volonterstvo – ruch scho zmynyuye suspyl'stvo [Volunteering – a Movement that Changes Society], Sajt Vseukrajinsjkoji gromadsjkoji organizaciji «Poruch» [The site of the All-Ukrainian corporate organization "Poruch"], 2015, Access: URL: http://poruch.ua/volonterstvo-ruh-shho-zminyuye-suspilstvo.html (application date 29.09.2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

Dashkevych H. Hromadyans'ke suspyl'stvo Ukrayiny prohresuye [The Civil Society of Ukraine is Progressing], URL: https://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/27134700.html (application date 14.02.2018), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].


Пристатейна бібліографія ГОСТ


1 Pavlyuk K. Volonters'kyj ruch: zarubizhnyj dosvid ta vitchyznyanyanі praktyky [Volunteer Movement: International Experience and National Practices], Іnvestycіyi: praktyka ta dosvіd [Investment: practice and experience], 2015, N 13–14, P. 90.

2 Kornievs'kyj О. «Ukrayins'kyj volonters'kyj ruch u konteksti svitovoho dosvidu» [Ukrainian Volunteer Movement in the Context of Global Experience], Stratehichni priorytety [Strategic priorities], 2015, N 1, Р. 95–100, URL: http://sp.niss.gov.ua/content/articles/files/16-1436780076.pdf (application date 11.09. 2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

3 Avuyeva І. "Social'nyj portret chleniv social'nych ruchіv, hromads'kyh orhanyzacyj ta politychnych partіj" [Social Portrait of Members of Social Movements, Public Organizations and Political Parties], Ukrayins'ke suspil'stvo, 2003. Sociolohychnyj monіtoryng [Ukrainian soci-ety, 2003. Sociological monitoring], Кyiv, Іnstytut sociolohіjі NAN Ukrayiny, 2003, P. 284.

4 Buzduhan Y. «Evolyucіya svіtovoho volonters'koho ruchu» [Evolution of the World Volunteer Movement], Viche [Veche], 2013, N 12, P. 7–10, URL: http://www.viche.info/journal/3716/(application date 12.02.2018), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

5 Kornyevs'kyj О. Ukrayins'kyj volonters'kyj ruch u konteksti svitovoho dosvidu …, op. cit, P. 95–100.

6 Ohorchak A. «Rol' shkoly volonteriv u stanovlenni osobystosti majbutnyoho socyal'noho pracivnyka» [The Role of Volunteer School in Molding a Personality of a Future Caseworker], Zbyrnyk naukovych prac' TPU [Collection of scientific works of TPU], 2006, P. 16.

7 Lyach T. «Volonterstvo yak suspyl'nyj fenomen» [Volunteering as a Social Phenomenon], Problemy pedahohіchnych technolohіj: zb. nauk. prac'. Volyns'kyj derzhavnyj unyversytet іmenі L.Ukrayinky [Problems of Pedagogical Technologies: Coll. sciences practice. Volyn State University named after L.Ukraine], Luc'k, 2004, Vol. 3–4, P. 139.

8 Zakon Ukrayiny Pro blahodyjnu dijal'nyst' ta blahodyjny orhanizaciju [The Law of Ukraine on Charitable Activities and Charitable Or-ganizations], URL: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/5073-17, title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

9 Prohrama volontery OON [UN Volunteer Program], URL: http: //eco. iteach. com.ua /partners /onlinevolunteering (application date 16-.02.2018), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

10 Menedzhment volonters'kych hrup vyd A do Ya: navch. metod. posyb. [Management of Volunteer Groups: Ins and Outs], Za red. T. Lyach; avt. kol.: Z. Bondarenko, T. Zhuravel', T. Lyach, Kyiv, Verso-04, 2012, P. 202.

11 Pan'kova O., Kasperovych O., Uschenko O. "Rozvytok volonters'koyj dyyal'nosti v Ukrayini yak proyav aktyvizaciyi socyial'nych resur-siv hromadyans'koho suspil'stva: specyfika, problemy ta perspektyvy" [Development of Volunteering in Ukraine as a Manifestation of Mobilization of Social Resources of Civil Society: Specifics, Problems and Perspectives], Ukrayins'kyj socium [Ukrainian SOCIETY], 2016, N. 2 (57), P. 27.

12 Sociolohychne doslydzhennya provedene Fondom «Demokratychni iniciatyvy» im. Il'ka Kucheriva spyl'no z KMYS [Sociological Stud-y Conducted by Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation Together with Kyiv International Institute of Sociology], URL: http://dif.org.ua/ua/commentaries/sociologist_-view/32anizh-miski-zhiteli.htm, (application date 19.01.2018), title from the screen [in Ukraini-an].

13 Nacyonal'na stratehiya spryyannya rozvytku hromadyans'koho suspil'stva v Ukrayini na 2016-2020 roky: zatverdzheno Ukazom Prezy-denta Ukrayiny vyd 26 lyutoho 2016 roku N 68/2016 [National Strategy to Promote the Development of Civil Society in Ukraine for 2016-2020: Approved by the Decree of the President of Ukraine dated February 26, 2016 N. 68/2016], URL: http:// www. president. gov.ua/documents/682016-19805, title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

14 Dynamіka rivnya dovіry socyal'nym instytutam ta orhanam vlady naprykіnci 2015 roku: Ukrayins'kyj ynstytut social'nych doslіdzhen' imeny O. Yaremenka; Zentr «Socyal'nyj monytorynh» [Dynamics of the Level of Credibility towards Social Institutions and Authorities at the End of 2015: Oleksandr Yaremenko Ukrainian Institute of Social Research;], Zentr «Socyal'nyj monytorynh» [Social Monitoring Cen-tre], URL: http://www.uisr.org.ua/img/upload/files/(application date 02.02.2018), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

15 Yablonskyi V. M., Balakirieva O. M., Bondar T. V. ta in Uchast' hromads'kych obyednan' u protydiyi іnformacіynij ahresiji [Participation of Public Associations in Counteraction against Cyber Attacks of the Russian Federation], URL: http://www. niss.gov.ua /content/articles/files/AZ-Protid-ya--nformagres---166e3.pdf (application date 24.10.2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

16 Kornievs'kyj О. Volonters'kyj ruch: svytovyj dosvid ta ukrayins'ki hromadyans'ki praktyky: [analyt. dop.], [Volunteer Movement: World Experience and Ukrainian Civic Practices], Kyiv, NYSD, 2015, P. 36.

17 Tohtarova Y. Volonters'kyj ruch v Ukrayini: shlyach do rozvytku hromadyans'koho suspil'stva yak sfery socіal'nych vydnosyn [Movement in Ukraine: Way to Develop Civil Society as a Social Sphere], Teoriia ta praktyka derzhavnoho upravlinnia i mistsevoho samovriaduvannia [Theory and Practice of Public Administration and Local Self-Government], 2014, N 2, URL: http://el-zbirn-du.at.ua/2014_2/5.pdf, (application date 12.11.2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

18 Dyemyentyev V. Volonterstvo – ruch scho zmynyuye suspyl'stvo [Volunteering – a Movement that Changes Society], Sajt Vseukra-jinsjkoji gromadsjkoji organizaciji «Poruch» [The site of the All-Ukrainian corporate organization "Poruch"], 2015, Access: URL: http://poruch.ua/volonterstvo-ruh-shho-zminyuye-suspilstvo.html (application date 29.09.2017), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].

19 Dyemyentyev V. Volonterstvo – ruch scho zmynyuye suspyl'stvo …, op. cit, 2015.

20 Dashkevych H. Hromadyans'ke suspyl'stvo Ukrayiny prohresuye [The Civil Society of Ukraine is Progressing], URL: https://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/27134700.html (application date 14.02.2018), title from the screen [in Ukrainian].





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